Benefits: This plant is one of the most valuable herbs that comes to us from the North American Indians. It is mainly used to treat rheumatism, osteoarthritis and to relieve muscular and neurological pain. It has a powerful relaxant action and a normalizer of the female reproductive system. Ovarian cramps or cramping pain in the womb will be relieved by this herb. With the normalizing action of these herb it balances the female sex hormones and may safely be used to regain normal hormonal activity. Very active in the treatment of rheumatic conditions of all kinds. It will reduce spasm and so aid the treatment of pulmonary complaints such as whooping cough. It may also be used in the treatment of tinnitus. In homeopathic medicine, it is mainly used for the treatment of female ailments and menopausal problems.
Traditional Western herbal medicine uses for this herb include myalgia, chorea, arthritis, rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica, female reproductive disorders, lack of menstruation or irregular menstruation, ovarian pain, female infertility, whooping cough and tinnitus. Black Cohosh has been found to reduce the number of skin flushes in menopausal women which is considered to be indicative of the estrogenic effect.
Active Constituents: Alkaloids, mainly N-methylcysteiine. Also the glycosides actaein and cimifugoside, resin, salicyclic acid, tannins, bitter principles and oestrogenic principle. Although it is not overtly estrogenic, but the compounds within it act as phyto-receptors SERMS (plant substances that act as selective estrogen-receptor modulators).
Pharmacological Actions: Emmenagogue, antispasmodic, alterative, sedative, anti-tussive, anti-rheumatic.
Contraindications: This plant should NOT be used during pregnancy as it can result in abortion and is toxic in overdose. Other symptoms of poisoning include nausea, vomiting, visual and nervous disturbances and lowered heart rate. NO severe poisoning has been reported to date.