Used for thousands of years in India and still to this day widely used in Ayurvedic medicine. Has a longstanding reputation as a mental “rejuvenator”, helping concentration and memory especially in the elderly.
Active Constituents: Triterpenoid saponins (asiaticocide, bramoside, thankuniside), alkaloids (hydrocotyline), bitter principles (vellarin).
Parts Used: Fresh and dried aerial parts
Major Safety Issues: