The name Horsechestnut comes from its use in ancient Turkey. Flour made from the fruit was mixed with oats and fed to broken-winded horses and is apparently still used today.
During war time, the “conkers” were roasted in parts of Europe and ground to make a rather bitter coffee substitute.
The fruit is rich in saponins which make a later in water. The were used in the past for washing clothes and to store clothes to prevent mold.
Parts Used: The seed, leaves and bark.
Active Constituents: Triterpenoid saponins (primarily aescin), coumarins and flavonoids. Tannin, starch, fatty oils. Aescin, the main constituent has anti-inflammatory properties.
Major Safety Issues: